DOI: https://doi.org/10.25284/2519-2078.4(85).2018.151465

Профілактика ускладнень інфузійної терапії в комплексі інтенсивної терапії політравми

Н. В. Матолінець

Анотація


В статті висвітлюється аналіз літератури щодо актуального питання безпеки медичних працівників при проведенні інфузійної терапії в комплексі інтенсивної терапії політравми. Визначені фактори ризику інфузійної терапії, зокрема високий ризик професійного впливу крові, що може призвести до передачі збудників, які спричиняють розвиток небезпечних інфекцій для здоров'я медичних працівників на всіх етапах надання медичної допомоги постраждалим з травмою. Наведено методи профілактики ризиків, пов'язаних з інфузійною терапією. Обґрунтовано необхідність використання профілактичних стратегій попередження виникнення гострих травм, нанесених пошкодженнями шкіри, які викликані гострими інструментами (голки, ланцет, скальпелі та розбите скло) та аваріями в медичній обстановці. Доведено, що застосування захищених аксесуарів, замість незахищених звичайних пристроїв, може призводити до значного зменшення ризиків. Показано, що контроль та корекція значної кількості інфузії у пацієнтів з політравмою потребує спеціального безпечного та зручного набору для інфузії.


Ключові слова


безпека інфузійної терапії; ризики та профілактика; критичний стан

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Посилання


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