DOI: https://doi.org/10.25284/2519-2078.2(87).2019.171009

Методичні рекомендації ESPEN щодо клінічного харчування у відділенні інтенсивної терапії

Pierre Singer, Annika Reintam Blaser, Mette M. Berger, Waleed Alhazzani, Philip C. Calder, Michael P. Casaer, Michael Hiesmayr, Konstantin Mayer, Juan Carlos Montejo, Claude Pichard, Jean-Charles Preiser, Arthur R.H. van Zanten, Simon Oczkowski, Wojciech Szczeklik, Stephan C. Bischoff

Анотація


Згідно з новими стандартними операційними процедурами ESPEN були оновлені попередні рекомендації щодо забезпечення найкращого медичного нутритивного забезпечення для критично хворих пацієнтів. Дані рекомендації визначають, хто є пацієнтами в групі ризику, як оцінити нутритивний статус пацієнта ВІТ, як визначити кількість енергії, яку необхідно забезпечити, який обрати шлях для нутритивного забезпечення та як адаптувати пацієнта у відповідності до різних клінічних умов. Також описано, коли слід розпочати і як просуватися в управлінні процесом адекватного забезпечення поживними речовинами. Запропоновано найкраще визначення кількості та походження вуглеводів, жирів і білків. Особлива увага приділяється глутаміну і омега-3 жирним кислотам. Обговорюються конкретні стани, що часто спостерігаються в інтенсивній терапії, такі як пацієнти з дисфагією, виснажені пацієнти, пацієнти з множинними травмами, абдомінальна хірургія, сепсис і ожиріння, з метою ознайомлення практикуючого лікаря з найкращою доказовою терапією. Моніторинг цієї нутритивної терапії обговорюється в окремому документі.


Ключові слова


Інтенсивна терапія; харчування; ентеральне; парентеральне; методичні рекомендації; ESPEN

Повний текст:

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Посилання


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